Camellia japonica -- Japanese Camellia

Common Name

Japanese Camellia

Origin

Asia; Japan

Family

Theaceae

Type

Evergreen shrub; small tree

ID Features

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Size

Mature: Height: 20-40’; Spread: 15-25’

Landscape: Height: 4-8’; Spread: 3-6’

Growth rate: Slow to Moderate

Form

Upright oval; dense shrub or small tree; usually multi-trunked

habit photo
Camellia japonica habit

Bark & Branches

Yellow green new twigs; olive green older bark; smooth

bark photo
Camellia japonica bark

Foliage

Alternate; simple leaf; broadly elliptic with short petiole; may have some small teeth; thick cuticle; dark shiny green above pale green below

foliage photo
Camellia japonica foliage

Flowers

Late January through July depending on cultivar; 5 types of flower; single, semi-double, double, anemone, peony; white, pinks, and red; 2-5” across

Fruit

Some cultivars and species will have a 5/8” brown beaked husk

Cultural considerations

Hardiness

Sunset: 4-9; 14-24

USDA: 4-9

Exposure

Full sun; best with afternoon shade; tolerates heavy shade

Soil

Fussy; organic, slightly acid; no soil or mulch on crown

Water

With well drained soil, regular water

Pruning

Tolerates heavy pruning can train to small tree by heading up

Propagation

Cuttings

Use

Large flowering shrubs or small trees; can containerize

Other

Over 3000 cultivars; fertilize with rhododendron or camellia fertilizers

Links

OSU -- Wikipedia

Credits

Photos taken by Jeff Kidder on the PCC Rock Creek campus, unless noted to the contrary.

Much of the text in the plant info was taken from handouts in the Evergreen Plant ID course.