Abies nordmanniana -- Nordmann Fir

Common Name

Nordmann Fir

Origin

Caucasus, Asia Minor, Greece

Family

Pinaceae

Type

Conifer Tree

ID Features

Single needle with smooth leaf scar; needles glossy green in stiff v’s

Size

Mature: 40-60’ Height; 15-25’ Spread

Landscape: 18-25’ Height; 10-18’ Spread

Growth rate: Moderate to fast

Form

Strong, narrow pyramidal cone

habit photo
Abies nordmanniana habit

Bark & Branches

Twigs smooth, gray; old bark plated charcoal

Foliage

Single needles with smooth leaf scar; stiff and arranged in v pattern on branches; dark shiny green with two distinct stomatal bands underneath; 5/8-1” long; persist 4-6 years

foliage photo
Abies nordmanniana foliage

Cones

Cone upright 4-6” x 2” wide’ brown color; cones shatter

Cultural considerations

Hardiness

Sunset: 1-11; 14-24

USDA: 3-9

Exposure

Full sun to part shade

Soil

Well drained soil

Water

Regular irrigation best

Pests

--

Diseases / Problems

--

Pruning

Remove dead and damaged wood

Propagation

Seed

Use

Specimen conifer

Other

Can be used for large container planting

Links

OSU -- Wikipedia

Credits

Photos taken by Jeff Kidder on the PCC Rock Creek campus, unless noted to the contrary.

Much of the text in the plant info was taken from handouts in the Evergreen Plant ID course.